In 2011, as part of the Seventeenth Conference of the Parties (COP 17) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change – UNFCCC, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action – ADP was established, with the aim of “developing a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties.”
In this context, and taking into account subsequent developments resulting from CoP 18 and 19 in Doha and Warsaw, respectively, a new climate regime is under negotiation to enhance action under the Convention to address the causes and impacts of climate change.
As such, currently in the framework of the ADP discussions are been undertaken under two Workstreams. Workstream 1 addresses the negotiations of all aspects of the new regime, which are expected to conclude at the 21st Meeting of the Conference of the Parties in Paris in December 2015 and which in turn are expected to enter into force from 2020. These elements include mitigation, adaptation, financing and means of implementation, transparency and compliance, among others. Meanwhile, Workstream 2 relates to enhanced action on climate change prior to 2020 which includes scaling the level of ambition to close the mitigation gap prior to 2020, and the mobilization of technical and financial resources to this end.